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OpenVPN on a Router running OpenWRT


First download and unpack the archive with the OpenVPN configuration files linked above. Open PuTTY or another terminal program, connect to the router and log in. Successively execute both commands: opkg update and opkg install openvpn-openssl luci-app-openvpn kmod-ipt-nat6

Optional: Create script for IPv6

Attention: If you plan to use several OpenVPN connections later, skip this step because the script only works with one OpenVPN client so far.
The script later is used to request an IPv6 prefix from the VPN server.

cat << EOF > /etc/firewall.nat6
iptables-save -t nat \
| sed -e "/\s[DS]NAT\s/d" \
| ip6tables-restore -T nat

Copy the command to create the script above and the following commands one after another in the terminal window and execute each by then pressing the Enter-key.

uci -q delete firewall.nat6
uci set firewall.nat6="include"
uci set firewall.nat6.path="/etc/firewall.nat6"
uci set firewall.nat6.reload="1"
uci commit firewall
service firewall restart

Adjust configuration

Using WinSCP (of course alternatively the ssh terminal may be used) in the /etc/openvpn/ directory of your OpenWRT router create the file with the following lines as content

env | sed -n -e "
" | sort -u > /tmp/resolv.conf.vpn
uci set dhcp.@dnsmasq[0].resolvfile="/tmp/resolv.conf.vpn"
/etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart

and the file with the following content

uci set dhcp.@dnsmasq[0].resolvfile="/tmp/"
/etc/init.d/dnsmasq restart

Open the properties of the files and to set the permissions to 755.

In /var/log/openvpn.log you later may view the log, in case any issues with the OpenVPN connections should occur.

DNS server configuration

Log in on your OpenWRT router using a web browser ( Change to the Network=>Interfaces=>WAN=>Edit=>Advanced Settings tab and deactivate Use DNS servers advertised by peer. At Use custom DNS servers enter at least two publicly usable IPv4 DNS servers (e.g. and and click on the Save button.

Do the same in the WAN6 tab and enter at least two IPv6 DNS servers. Then click the Save and the Save & Apply button. You can either use the DNS servers from Google (IPv4: and IPv6: 2001:4860:4860::8888 and 2001:4860:4860::8844) or use some of the OpenNIC project.

Note: If you want, you can also use Perfect Privacy DNS servers (you can find the IPs on the DNS server page in the customer area).

These DNS servers will only resolve * domains when VPN is not connected which means that Internet access will not work without the VPN being connected. However, there will be no IP leak when using public name servers instead, since all DNS requests will be sent anonymized over the VPN tunnel while a VPN connection is established.

OpenVPN configuration

In the menu go to VPN=>OpenVPN and at OVPN configuration file upload enter PP_Amsterdam. Then click on Search and choose the previously downloaded Amsterdam.ovpn file from Perfect Privacy. Click on the Upload button afterwards.

Open the newly created instance PP_Amsterdam by clicking Edit and in the first line replace the text "userpass.txt“ with “PP_Amsterdam.auth“.

Ensure the formatting has been taken on correctly by the browser and that all the remote commands are underneath each other in separate lines.

In the second field fill in your Perfect Privacy username and the corresponding password and then save them by clicking the Save button.

Firewall configuration

Navigate to the menu Network=>Interfaces and click on Add new interface….

  • Name: PP_VPN
  • Protocol: Unmanaged
  • Interface: In the last line enter tun0

Accept the settings with the Create interface button.

In the newly created interface change to the Firewall Settings tab. Open the choice field next to Create / Assign firewall-zone, and in the last line enter PP_FW. Click the Save button.

Afterwards navigate to Network=>Firewall and to the right of PP_FW click on Edit. Adjust the following settings:

  • Name: PP_FW
  • Input: reject
  • Output: accept
  • Forward: reject
  • Masquerading: activate
  • MSS clamping: activate
  • Covered networks: PP_VPN

In the lower field select the following:

  • Allow forward from source zones: activate lan

Use the Save button to accept the settings and then click on Save & Apply.

Activate OpenVPN

Go to the menu Services=>OpenVPN and set the checkmark at Enabled. Then first click on the button Save & Apply and then start PP_Amsterdam by clicking the start button.

Optional: Activate the kill-switch

Attention: This step activates the firewall protection ("kill switch"), which ensures in case off an interruption of the internet service no data can bypass the VPN tunnel. If you want to access the internet via your router without VPN too, you have to skip this step.

Navigate to Network=>Firewall and underneath Zones open the zone lan using the Edit button.

Scroll down and next to Allow forward to destination zones activate only PP_FW. Then click on the button Save & Apply.

If you want to disable the firewall protection ("kill switch") again, next to Allow forward to destination zones: additionally to PP_FW activate WAN and WAN6.

You can verify that the VPN connection is working correctly by visiting our Check-IP website from any device connected to the router.

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